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Shae Thot ‘The Way Forward’

Background and Objectives


The need for improved access to water in Central Myanmar, known locally as the Dry Zone, has been known to the international community for decades. In late 2010, UN-Habitat conducted a thorough assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices in regards to water, sanitation and hygiene in Wundwin Township, Mandalay Division (Dry Zone).

Access to sustainable sources of safe water is a critical development and humanitarian issue, and an issue that cuts across each component of the Shae Thot program: sufficient, potable water will improve maternal and child health and will allow community members to better address livelihoods issues. Women are limited in their abilities to engage in either entrepreneurial or agriculture activities, for example, if they must spend many hours each day collecting and hauling water. The project will cover approximately 1,000 villages.

The project activities centre on improving water infrastructure through the use of innovative but low-cost technology and the application of locally available materials and supplies. It increases water resources, improves water quality, enhances water storage capacity and provides greater water access to the communities concerned.


The project aims at reducing the suffering and death among the people of Central Myanmar and an urban poor neighbourhood in Yangon region. The project concentrates on increasing people’s access to adequate and safe water and improved hygiene through not only infrastructural improvements but also transfer of knowledge and development of skills of the people.

In implementation of the project, it applies a community-driven approach in which beneficiaries themselves play an important role in identifying the issues they face and the activities they want to have carried out. Through this approach, communities are encouraged to lead in assigning priorities, in decision-making and in taking action. Their skills are built and know-how improved, as they move along the project.


  • • Improved Water Infrastructure
  • • Access to Safe Drinking Water
  • • Sustainability of Water Supply
  • • Improved/Increased Access to Water Sources
  • • Improve Sanitation Infrastructure
  • • Increased Hygiene Awarenes

Geographical Locations:

Year 1: Myingyan, Nyaung-U and Meiktila Townships of Mandalay Region / Shwepyithar Township of Yangon Region

Year 2: Pakokku, Seikphyu, Sinbaungwe and Aunglan Townships of Magway Regaion/ Shwepyithar Township of Yangon Region

Year 3: Monywar, Pale, Budalin Townships of Sagaing Region/ Shwepyithar Towship of Yangon Region

Year 4: Pale, Yenangyaung and Yesagyo of Sagaing and Magway Regions

Year 5: Pale, Yenangyaung and Yesagyo of Sagaing and Magway Regions

Year 5: Pale, Yenangyaung and Yesagyo of Sagaing and Magway Regions


The community within UN-Habitat targeted villages and surrounding areas access to adequate and safe water and improved hygiene through not only infrastructure improvements but also transfer of knowledge and development of skills of the people by means of hands-on training.

Capacity building trainings such as Community Action Planning (CAP), Village Development Committee (VDC), Bio-sand Filter construction, Household latrine and Concrete Tank (HH cistern) construction, Rainwater Collection Tank construction, Water Quality Testing and Surveillance, Operations & Maintenance and Exchange Tours, Book-keeping and financial management forms part of VDC training conducted for local people to implement the project activities and for sustainable development.

Water infrastructure such as Tube wells, Rain water collection/storage tank, Pond, Hand dug well, Mini-dam/reservoir, Sub-surface dam/sand dam, River water supply system and water treatment plant with pumps, Gravity flow pipe water supply installation systems, road access to water sources constructed/renovated.

As of 2016

  • • 21 no. of mini-dam/reservoir/sand dam, 25 elevated tank, 63 ground tank, 99 RWCT, 136 pond, 159 water supply system, 287 hand-dug well, 680 tube-well with engine/hand pump constructed
  • • Over 500,000 people in 790 villages benefitted from the project activities
  • • 65,636 families supported to improve water quality by using bio-sand filters
  • • 35,195 families provided with rain water collection tanks
  • • 70 small village roads built to access water sources
  • • 109,563 people trained to improve skills by providing capacity building trainings
  • • 30,764 people with improved sanitation facilities
  • • 1,831 children with hand-washing and sanitation facilities in their schools

Development Partners / Partners

Development Partner: USAID

Project Partners: PACT Myanmar, Department of Rural Development, Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development, Republic of the Union of Myanmar

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